- The first lesson next week, we will be doing formative/narrative essay
- The second lesson we will be doing characterisation
- Checking me out with his big, goofy, lopsided eyes.
- He was scared to go outside on his own, the little brute
- Smart Guy
- If this is what dying feels like, sign me up for immortality.
- My back cracked and felt glorious.
- Psychotic pug
- “We’re trapped! The door’s stuck!”
- “Help us out of here, please!”
- “He broke the door down!”
- I don’t like things being out of order
Characters and Specific examples
Prejudice and Discrimination
Lieutenant Kotler was very rude and disrespectful to the Jews, even those older than him. He treated them very unfairly and always spoke to them in an insolent tone. This can be proven from pages 42 to 43 and , evident in,
“‘Hey, you!’ he shouted, then adding a word that bruno did not understand. ‘Come over here, you--’ He said the word again, and something about the harsh sound of it made Bruno look away and feel ashamed to be part of this at all.”
This clearly indicates that Lieutenant Kotler has no understanding or rather does not want to practice human rights towards the Jews and deems himself superior. Even though the obey his instructions, he still treats them like dirt and even treats them like labour animals. Thus, we can determine that he has no thoughts towards humane fairness and equality.
Childhood and Innocence
Bruno was very young and innocent, not able to understand many things about him.
This is easily shown in the whole book when Bruno referred to Auschwitz as Out-With, instead of it’s actual name. As Bruno did not understand his current situation fully , he did not know what the was the actual name of the place he was living in , only knowing to refer to the place he was living in as something that Auschwitz sounded like. This clearly shows that Bruno was young and innocent, not mature enough to understand most things yet.
Obedience and Conformity
Bruno had to obey many strict and unorthodox rules laid by his father despite his own opinions and feelings about the tasks.
This is elucidated multiple times in Page 40 , for example, “‘I didn’t mean-’, ‘But you will be quiet now,’ said Father, raising his voice and interrupting him because none of the rules of normal family life never applied to him.”Firstly , this is one of the many instances where Bruno had to do something for father despite his reservations. By saying that “the rules of family life never applied to him” , it shows that the father had greater superioty that anyone else in the family and Bruno was forced to listen to his father. Therefore, this shows that Bruno had to comply with any rules and his requests set by his father.
Bruno did not break up Shmuel despite knowing that he was supposed to despise Jews. Although he was scolded for bringing Shmuel home, he still visits Shmuel with a chocolate bar thinking that he is always hungry. He also offered to help Shmuel to find his father despite knowing how horrible the camp is like and in the end died with his friend, Shmuel. He also did not rat out Shuel intentions to the officers despite of all the confusion and fear. He also defied his father’s rules by visiting Shmuel. This shows that despite of all the prejudices, Bruno still believes that Shmuel deserved to be respected and treated equally.
Friendship and Loyalty
Bruno was very close to his friends and would stick by them through everything. This was shown in page 8 through the way he reacted when he found out they were moving away. The first thing he asked was about his friends Martin, Karl and Daniel.This shows that he will always think of his friends first when he says”say goodbye to Karl,Daniel and Martin?” in a shocked manner as it is the last thing he wanted to do. Also when he was in Auschwitz, the thing he missed most was his house and his friends as they are very important to him.
Characteristics of a Fable
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas
Teaches a moral
Friendship and loyalty can overcome any other factor like discrimination and rivalry.
(this one is hard to explain): Although Bruno was a German and/or a “Nazi” too, he was treated the same way as every Jew in the end , as the had the same death as them (gas chamber). Hence, if Bruno’s parents had found out the way their son had died, they would have thought that it was a very cruel way to kill someone, although they would have not felt any compassion for the Jews that had already been killed that way.
One can choose to accept discrimination and let it change their views on something , or listen to one’s own moral compass and let that allow the person to have his own opinions on a certain subject. The latter is displayed very valiantly by Pavel when he he helps Bruno find a tyre for his swing and helps to clean Bruno’s wound after he was hurt. We later find out in the book that Pavel is a Jew and we can understand from that that Pavel could have chose to not help Bruno as he was Jew and Bruno was German , but Pavel was still very kind and accepting of Bruno, cleaning his wound humbly and even chatting with him. This proves that One can choose to accept discrimination and let it change their views on something , or listen to one’s own moral compass and let that allow the person to have his own opinions on a certain subject.
Main characters are broadly drawn
In The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas, the main characters, such as Bruno and Shmuel are described intricately. Their backgrounds are described in depth to help us understand them better Also they are like that so that we can better relate to the characters and learn their lessons as well.
One character displays a flaw that leads to a downfall
Bruno’s father have a prejudice against Jews which led to his son being accidentally gasses due to his stubborn defiance against his father who hate jews.
This shows that his hate against Jews could result in himself causing the death of a loved one.
Highlights what makes us human
“And that’s the end of the story of Bruno and his family. Of course all this happened a long time ago and nothing like that could ever happen again. Not in this day and age.”
This shows that human can change their way of thinking about others to a more positive way and they are willing to forgive and forget to move on with life.
The protagonist is introduced to us in the first 3 paragraphs with many insights into who he is like character(eg.rude), Appearance(eg.”ugly”), friends(eg.his pug)(mild affection shown).
“What an ugly dog. But then again so am I.” -His appearance (paragraph one)
The complication is introduced in paragraph 4 when we are told that a building is on fire and the protagonist is in the area near the fire. The situation is aggrvated when the protagonist’s dog runs into the building.
Paragraph 4 “The smoke was coming from a burning building, and that psychotic pug thought it would be a good idea to run toward the fire. Smart guy.”
This is when the narrator decides to pry open the door to the building. But instead of having nobles reasons like to save the people inside the building, he opens the door with the intend of saving his dog instead. He rushes into the building and frees the teacher and her students, but his dog is deeper in the building with another child, forcing him to run in and save his dog, which in turn saved the child.
The protagonist exits the burning building after saving everyone inside, and receives thanks from the teacher.News teams and the fire department arrive.
The protagonist is interviewed by the reporters only to his dismay and dislike, annoyed by the attention he is getting.He is lauded as a hero when all he really intended to do was to save his dog.