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Tuesday, 2 September 2014



It is an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which might have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognised, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.

Types of accidents

Collision = when two vehicles drive into each other.
Mid-air collision = when two planes collide in the air
Head-on collision = when two cars collide front to front
Car crash = when there's a serious car accident – involving another car or object, or not involving anything else
Derailment = when a train comes off the rails
(multiple) pile-up = when more than one car crashes into another car, especially on a busy road or motorway

Describing the accident

rounding the corner
  • drove straight into another car
  • wrong side of the road
  • lost control
  • ploughed into the other lane
  • drove into an oncoming vehicle
  • drove into a tree
  • overtaking
  • went through a red light
  • A lorry jackknifed*, spilling its load over the road.
    •  *-move one's body into a bent or doubled-up position
  • skidded on a wet / oily surface
  • brakes failed
  • misjudged the distance
  • under the influence of alcohol / drugs / on his mobile phone
  • accident was due to pilot / human error

Effects of the accident

taken to hospital with major / minor injuries / for shock.
passengers were escorted safely from……
cut the passengers out of the wreckage.
The car was a write-off. (The damage was so bad there was no point in claiming insurance)
minimal damage


It is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively dominate others.

Types of bullying


Describing the act

A torrent of words flew out from his mouth
Keyboard warriors
Action words (pushed, hit, tripped, etc)


It is the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.

Describing the act

Looked around suspiciously
A hand darted out to grab the object
Nimble fingers (pick pocket)


Vandalism is the behaviour attributed originally to the Vandals, by the Romans, in respect of culture: ruthless destruction or spoiling of anything beautiful or venerable. The term also includes criminal damage such as graffiti and defacement directed towards any property without permission of the owner.

Types of vandalism

Glass breakage 

Effects of the vandalism

…… was defaced

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